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Last Updated:

July 11, 2018

Farming Scenario

Sirmour district is spread in three agro-ecological zones as shown in figure given below. Majority of farmers (87 %) in this district are marginal and small farmers and average size of land holding is 2.28 ha. Rainfed farming is mostly practiced in the area.  Irrigated facilities are available on 35.32% of net sown area.  

 

 

 

Popular  farming systems and  Cropping pattern of District Sirmour

Zone 1- Plains  - Agriculture-Vegetable-Livestock- Maize, paddy & wheat are main crops grown on large area, pulses &oilseeds are  grown as sole /mixed  on neglected /marginal lands. Vegetable and cash crops are grown on limited scale. Horticulture is done as back yard enterprise.- Mango, kinnow, lime, litchi, guava are main fruits. Livestock- Cows, buffalos, goat  are common live stock. Fodder crops grown are- Oats, barseem sorghum, charry and bajra. Grass lands  has local grasses.

Cropping patterns is cereal based. Irrigation is limited and mostly done  through tube wells  i.e ground water.

Zone II Mid Hills- Agriculture-Vegetable-Livestock-Horticulture- Maize, wheat &barley are main cereal crops grown on large area ,pulses &oilseeds are  grown as sole /mixed  on marginal lands. Vegetable are grown as cash crop where irrigation is available ginger, capsicum, tomato, and garlic are major crops. Livestock- -Cows, sheep and goat are common live stock . Horticulture is also a part of farming system but commercial aspect is lacking in this zone - Mango, lime, peach, guava  & walnut   are main fruits. Fodder crops grown-Sorghum, charry and oats .Grass lands  has local grasses(dholu) which are low in nutrition and less productive. Cropping patterns is cereal based. Irrigation is in limited area and mostly done through natural springs, drainage courses, runoff collection

Zone III, High hills- Vegetable-Agriculture-Horticulture Livestock Majority of farming systems are vegetables based in high hills and these are grown by majority of farmers where ever small irrigation is available. Colder climate also facilitate the farmers as evaporation losses are low and moisture is retained for longer period.  Ginger, garlic, beans, tomato, capsicum and pea are main as cash crops .Cereals viz- Maize, & barley are popular among farmers where as  rajmash, mash & kulthi  are common pulses. Horticulture is done on commercial scale - Peach, plum, apple, apricot & walnut are main fruits. Livestock- Cows, sheep and goat are common live stock. Fodder crops grown- Oats &sorghum. Grass lands have local grasses. Irrigation is limited area and mostly done through natural springs and drainage courses.

 

Crop Production and Productivity in district Sirmour

Ginger, Garlic and off-season vegetables like tomato, capsicum, peas, potato, french beans, are the major cash crops of the area whereas wheat, maize, rice, urd and toria are important field crops. Apple, Peach, Kinnow, Mango, strawberry are the main horticultural crops. Protected cultivation is also becoming popular among the farmers of the district.
Krishi Vigyan Kendra exclusively caters to the extension needs of Sirmour district.  Statistics related to various aspects of agriculture is presented below.

i) Crop production

Crop

Area (ha)

Production (mt)

Productivity (qt/ha)

Maize

22188

60680

27.35

Paddy

5730

7780

13.58

Wheat

25106

26140

10.41

Pulses

3896

2440

6.26

Oilseed

1063

160

1.51

Sugarcane

1002

28837

287.79

 

ii) Vegetable production

Crop

Area (ha)

Production (mt)

Productivity (qt/ha)

Tomato

2106

82846

393.4

Pea

1588

17054

107.4

Garlic

1530

22185

145.0

Potato

1400

17300

123.6

Ginger

1376

11692

85.0

Capsicum

907

14512

160.0

French bean

400

4401

110.0

Cabbage

210

8818

419.9

Cauliflower

190

3135

165.0

Root crops

184

3600

195.7

Onion

159

2912

183.1

Ladies finger

145

1709

117.9

Cucurbits

104

3134

301.3

Brinjal

98

1359

138.7

Others

98

1786

182.2

Chilli

62

670

108.1

 Total

10557

197113

186.7

 

iii) Fruits production

Crop

Area (ha)

Production (mt)

Apple

3]074-24

594 

Other temperate fruits

5]496-73

11]566   

Walnut and other dry fruits

1]241-13

874 

Citrus group

1]753-03

2]013  

Other sub-tropical fruits

3]253-25

3]019  

                                        Total

14]818-38

18]066

 

Livestock Inventory of district Sirmaur

Particulars

Number

Cattle

2]61]756

Buffalo

49]697

Sheep

41]211

Goat

1]68]064

Others

3]767

Poultry

36]342

Dogs

24]849

 

Fisheries

Items

 

2012-13

Fisheries

Mt ton

749

Value of fish catch

Rs. (Lakhs)

447